There is an essential need to get to the root causes of SGBV, including: gender inequality, increasing economic inequality, weak and inadequate laws and legal frameworks. Furthermore, practices of violence are shaped by how patriarchal privilege and power, inequalities of identity and cultural systems play out in specific contexts. SGBV is therefore seen to be driven by an interplay between personal, situational and wider social, political and economic issues.
In the programme’s India case study, gender inequalities are seen as constructed in relation to ever-changing connections between patriarchy, nationalism, religion, caste and class. Analysing the contemporary and historical gendered realities of this context can provide a map that helps to find pathways for social change. While in the South African case study, the concept of structural violence is used to locate SGBV in a social, economic and political context that draws histories of entrenched inequalities in South Africa into the present.