Liliose Umutoni is a 21-year-old single mother who has one daughter aged one. She lives with her mother (aged 46) and three brothers. They all dropped-out of school after the genocide when they were young. She does care work and household chores including cleaning, cooking and washing the dishes and bathing her baby. She works in Rwanda’s Vision 2020 Umurenge Programme (VUP), to help her mother and does some other paid work.
She is responsible for care work at home but she is also supported by her brothers and particularly her mother. They have a good care arrangement in the family and help each other. Particularly her mother takes care of her child and she said,
“I am happy with what I do at home. I do everything to develop my family. In my family, everyone does her or his best to help each other.”
Combining care work and paid work is challenging for Liliose. When her mother is not at home Liliose is required to replace her at VUP. She often attends work with her child - leaving home early in the morning and returning late in the afternoon. Unfortunately, there are no crèche facilities where she can leave her child. She carries her baby on her back when she is working:
‘I get problems mainly when my baby cries while am working in VUP, when I carry her on my back and then she cries for breast-feeding which affects usual work.’
As a solution, she would like the government to create more jobs and increase wages paid in VUP so that she can establish a small income earning activity. She also thinks that the government and other development partners should supply her village with clean water and build childcare centres.