Policy findings: Publications and reports


Global Synthesis Report

No Time to Rest: Women’s Lived Experiences of Balancing Paid Work and Unpaid Care Work

Our summary report brings together the findings from across the whole project, including lessons from the 4 countries and common insights, along with recommendations for action.

More about the report

Programmatic notes

Our programmatic notes examine how women's economic empowerment (WEE) programmes can generate a 'double boon' - paid work that empowers women and provides more support for their unpaid care work responsibilities - and make recommendations for specific programmes in each site.

  • Empowerment Programming and Unpaid Care Work: Learning from 30 years of the Self Employed Women’s Association in Madhya Pradesh (SEWA MP)
    India, August 2017
  • Making Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) More Care-Responsive
    India, August 2017
  • ActionAid's Food Security and Economic Empowerment Programme in Muko Sector, Northern Rwanda: Guidelines for Achieving the Double Boon
    Rwanda, August 2017
  • Making Rwanda's Vision 2020 Umurenge Programme Public Works Care-Responsive
    Rwanda, October 2017
  • Care Responsiveness of Livelihoods Programming: The Enterprise Development Programme, Oxfam Nepal 
    Nepal, June 2017
  • Making Karnali Employment Programme More Care-Responsive
    Nepal, June 2017

National reports

National reports provide an overview of the research findings for each country with recommendations and lessons for state and non-state actors in how to make women's economic empowerment optimal.

  • 'My Work Never Ends': Women Balancing Paid Work and Unpaid Care Work in India
    India, October 2017
  • 'You Cannot Live Without Money': Women Balancing Paid Work and Unpaid Care Work in Rwanda
    Rwanda, August 2017
  • 'My Mother Does a Lot of Work': Women Balancing Paid and Unpaid Care Work in Tanzania
    Tanzania, October 2017
  • A Trapeze Act: Women Balancing Paid Work and Unpaid Care Work in Nepal
    Nepal, October 2017

Desk review

A desk review and consultation with experts  to identify and typologise Women's Economic Empowerment (WEE) programmes and policies in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia was undertaken to assess the extent to which empowerment interventions have integrated care and how they contribute to the potential of a 'double boon' or 'double burden'.

Conceptualisation of WEE programmes is done alone three lines of stratification:

  • Provision of paid work:  public works, entrepreneurship
  • Facilitation of paid work: education, training, savings
  • Enabling environment: structural issues such as legislation, frameworks and collective action

Conceptualising womenís economic empowerment

This paper, ëConceptualising womenís economic empowerment: the importance of careí was presented on the panel,  ëSocial Reproduction, Care and Womenís Economic Empowerment: New Framing and Research to support Claimsmakingí, at the 24th IAFFE conference in Berlin from 16-18 July 2015. The panel, which was organised by the Institute of Development Studies, included papers from the Institute as well as international partners ñ Oxfam and ActionAid ñ and leading scholars, such as Professors Ruth Pearson and Rhys Jenkins. The panel addressed the complex links between social reproduction and care, and the economic empowerment of women and girls. It highlighted exciting new proposals in framing and gathering evidence on care to support claims making with State and private sector actors. Papers explored how literature has conceptualised womenís economic empowerment and whether it has taken sufficient account of the care economy; inequalities in womenís work that perpetuate the care crisis; factors and conditions influencing positive change in household care provision; making claims in specific contexts for the recognition, reduction or redistribution of care work; and taxation and the reproductive bargain in the era of globalisation.

Download the full presenation: iaffe_ids_presentation.pptx